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اسباب وعلاج الاسهال عند العجول الصغيرة والرضيعة

 اسباب وعلاج الاسهال عند العجول الصغيرة والرضيعة 

الاسهال عند العجول الصغيرة  من الامراض الشائعة بصورة كبيرة ,لكن في اغلب الاحوال قد يختلف نوع الاسهال عن الاخر نتيجة المرض المسبب له ,هناك مسببات كثيرة وامراض متنوعة قد تكون سبب رئيسي في حدوث الاسهال عند العجول صغيرة العمر ,منها ما هو اسهال مائي ويظهر في الاسهال بعض الدماء ومنها ما هو مائي شفاف , قد تظهر بعض الاعراض المصاحبة للإسهال مثل توقف العجل عن الرضاعة او صعوبة في الوقوف ,لذالك سوف نتحدث في هذا المقال بصورة علمية عن مسببات اسهال العجول الصعيرة وكيفية العلاج بصورة سريعة.

ما هي اسباب الاسهال عند العجول الصغيرة والرضيعة

اثبتت الابحاث الطبية البيطرية والتي تجرى على الحيوانات ان هناك اكثر من 6 اسباب رئيسية قد ينتج عنها حدوث اسهال للعجول والابقار  وبالاخص "العجول الصغيرة "اقل من 21 يوم من العمر ,من ضمن مسببات الاسهال الاتي :
  1. اسهال ناتج عن اصابة العجول بالبكتريا الاشريكية القولونية المعوية (ETEC)
  2. اسهال ناتج عن اصابة العجول بالفيروس العجلي
  3. اسهال ناتج عن الاصابة بالفيروس التاجي للعجول والابقار-
  4. اسهال ناتج عن طفيلي كوكسيدي يؤثر على ظهارة الأمعاء والجهاز التنفسي.Cryptosporidium parvum 
  5. اسهال ناتح عن اصابة العجول والابقار بالسالمونيلا المعوية .
  6. اسهال ناتج عن سموم فطرية نتيجة تناول اغذية ملوثة.

اسباب وعلاج الاسهال عند العجول الصغيرة والرضيعة

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"علاج الاسهال عند العجول الصغيرة": قد تظهر الاعراض للإسها في صورة اسهال مائي مائل للإصفرار او في الحالات الحرجة يكون الاسهال مائي شفاف مدمم , وتظهر الاعراض على عدم قدرة العجل الصغير على الرضاعة بصورة جيدة ومتردد على الوقوف ,علاج هذة الحالة يتم بإعطاء مضادات الميكروبات عن طريق الحقن والتي تتمثل في الاموكسيسيلين او الامبيسلين او من الممكن اعطاء العجل جيل ثالث ورابع من السيفالوسبورين ,لا ينصح بإعطاء العجل المصاب بالاسهال في هذة الحالة حقن الفلوروكينولون وذالك لان العجل لا يحتاج الى سوائل وريدية.

علاج الاسهال المائي المدمم في العجول الصغيرة

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اسهال مائي وبه دماء في العجول الصغيرة


نلاحظ في هذة الاصابة حدوث الاسهال بصورة مائية وبها دماء مع ظهور اعراض مصاحبة مثل فقدان الشهية وارتفاع درجة الحرارة وعدم قدرة العجل على الوقوف ,تتم معالجة هذة الحالة للعجول المصابة بالاسهال المائي المدمم بإعطاء 2 لتر من محلول بيكربونات الصوديوم في الوريد ويحتوي على  نسبة 1.4% من الجلوكوز ,كانت النتائج الاخيرة بعد العلاج هي قدرة العجل على الوقوف خلال ساعتين من العلاج .

في هذة الحالة ايضا يجب اعطاء العجل المصاب بالاسهال المدمم مضادات الميكروبات عن طريق الحقن ومضاد الالتهاب غير الاستيرودي والذي يتمثل في الميلوكسيكام او الفلونيكسين ميغلومين , من الممكن ايضا اعطاء الفلوركينولون عن طريق الحقن.

علاج الاسهال العادي او ضعيف التأثير في العجول الصغيرة

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اسهال العجول الصغيرة

تظهر علامات الاسهال في هذة الحالة ولكن لا يصاحبها علامات او اعراض مرضية اخرى ,يستطيع العجل الوقوف والرضاعة بصورة طبيعية   على الرغم من الاصابة بالاسهال وتعتبر هذة الاصابة متوسطة ويمكن معالجتها عن طريق مضادات الميكروبات بالحقن او عن طريق اعطائها للعجل المصاب بالفم.

كلمات بحث مرتبطة
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